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How North And South Korea Came Into Existence

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How North And South Korea Came Into Existence

Following the end of the colonial rule by the Japanese Empire, Korea split into two; the North and the South.  This was after the conclusion of World War II in 1945.  At the time, the US and the Soviet Union occupied a section of the island. The border of these zones was located along the 38Th parallel.

 

How North And South Korea Came Into Existence

However, the US and the Soviet Union were unable to reach an agreement over unifying the North and the South. This was mainly due to the looming Cold War between the two superpowers. In 194, South Korea, which was occupied by the US, conducted its first post-war elections. The elections were overseen by the United Nations. Syngman Rhee, an outspoken anti-communist, emerged victorious in the polls. On the other hand, Joseph Stalin, the then ruler of the Soviet Union, appointed Kim Il-sung as the leader of North Korea.

The appointment of the two leaders for the North and South resulted in the formation of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea and the Republic of Korea, respectively. The South was backed by the US, while the North was supported by the Soviet Union. Both governments claimed the authority over the entire Korean peninsula. As a result, the Korean War started, lasting for three years until 1953.  Due to the absence of an outright winner, the two countries established the Korean Demilitarized Zone which acts as the boundary between them. This zone exists to date.

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Korean Generals During Japanese Colonization

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Korean Generals During Japanese Colonization

Japan ruled over Korea for almost four decades. The colonization began after the collapse of the Korean empire in 1910 and ended after the conclusion of the Second World War in 1945. During this period, Japan did not draft native Koreans into its armed forces. This, however, changed in 1944. The Japanese troops were overwhelmed in war, forcing them to enlist ethnic Koreans.

Korean Generals During Japanese Colonization

Although the Japanese did not draft locals, they occasionally recruited Korean volunteers into their military. The procedure and requirements for admission were stringent, meaning that only a few applicants were successful. Despite the bias, seven Koreans managed to become generals. Moreover, several others rose through the ranks and became colonels, lieutenants, sergeants, majors, and other ranking posts.

The first Korean to become a general was Lieutenant General and Crown Prince Yi Un. Yi is also the most famous of the seven Koreans who attained the post of general in the Japanese military. The remaining six attained their military education from the Imperial Japanese Army Academy.

The role given to Yi Un was to serve as an instructor to the horsemen at the military academy. Due to his impressive work, Yi was promoted to the rank of Major in 1940. Three years later, he became a Lieutenant-Colonel.  His illustrious military career culminated with him attaining the rank of Colonel at the end of World War II in 1945.

 

 

The Assassination of Empress Myeongseong

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The Assassination of Empress Myeongseong

Empress Myeongseong, popularly known as ‘Queen Min,’ was assassinated by Japanese agents on October 8, 1895.  Myeongseong was 43 years old at the time of her demise. The plot to kill the empress was masterminded by Miura Goro, the then Japanese minister to Korea. The Russian ministry of foreign affairs kept the records on the assassin and revealed them publicly in 2001.

The Assassination of Empress Myeongseong

The records included a testimony provided by King Gojong, as well as several accounts given by witnesses to the killing. Also, the documents comprised of a report sent to Lobanov-Rostovsky by Karl Ivanovich Weber. Back then, Lobanov-Rostovsky was the foreign minister of Russia, while Karl was a diplomat at the Russian embassy in Seoul.  According to the account of Seredin-Sabatin, a Russian eyewitness, several Japanese agents and servicemen from the Hullyeondae army went into the royal palace and killed Queen Min. Afterwards, the assassins defiled the corpse in the north wing of the palace. The witness was an employee of the King of Korea.

After the killing of the Empress, the father of King Gojong, Daewongun, returned to the palace. Later on, King Gojong abandoned the Gyeongbokgung palace for the Russian consulate on Seoul. The king governed the Korean empire form the Russian embassy for almost a year. This period is referred to as the Korean royal refuge at the Russian legation.

 

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The History Of The Joseon Dynasty

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The Joseon Dynasty

The Joseon dynasty, also known as the Yi Dynasty, was the last of its kind in Korean history. It is also the longest-serving dynasty in Korea, having lived on for over five centuries. The dynasty was formed by Yi Song-gye. Its capital was located at Hanyang, presently known as Seoul. The Kingdom drew its name from the state that had established authority over the Korean peninsula in the past.

The Joseon Dynasty

Yi was close to the bordering Ming dynasty in China. As a result, Ming considered Joseon as a client to his kingdom. Due to the high indolence of Chinese culture at the time, Joseon borrowed its governance model form Neo-Confucianism.

The first change implemented by the Yi dynasty was the redistribution of land parcels which was previously controlled by a chosen few in the leadership. The kingdom was also supportive of scholarship, with the most remarkable achievement on this front being the introduction of the Korean alphabet, known as Hangul.  Later on, Yi introduced a bureaucratic system of administration.

Jan attacked Korea in 1592. Despite assistance from Chinese forces, the Japanese prevailed over the Koreans. This caused the loss of several valuable assets as well as the weakening of the kingship. The country, however, had fully recovered from the effects of the invasion by the beginning of the 20th century.

Korea isolated from international relations until very late into the 19th century. In 1876, the country signed the Treaty of Ganghwa after insistent pressure from Japan. The Joseon dynasty ended in 1910 after Japan seized Korea.

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Traditional Korean Foods That Are Naturally Beautifying

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Makgeolli

In Korea, beauty products are not the only sure way to make the skin glow. The men and women through research and studies have identified foods that replenish and protect the skin. Most of these foods have antioxidants which fight the free radicals and other inflammations that deteriorate the quality of the skin.

Barley Tea

Barley tea has become popular in Korea for its rich in antioxidants. They prevent ageing of the skin. It has also been discovered to prevent tooth decays because of the harsh environment they provide which prevent the existence of the bacteria and bacteria action in the teeth.

Kimchi

This traditional food contains a lot of probiotics and good bacteria. The stomach bacteria are a very important element to keep a healthy digestive tract. When the digestive tract is healthy and clean, the chances of suffering from acne and inflammation are minimal.

Makgeolli

Makgeolli

Like the Kimchi, Makgeolli is probiotic food. The food has become so popular in Korea for a healthy skin and gut. The extracts from this plant area are vital components in the manufacturing of the sheet masks.

Sea weed soup

Thi plant being a water herb, it has a lot of water which is essential for the hydrated skin. The Omega 3 and the antioxidants in the sea weed plant also prevent the skin from the environmental effects and any other cell damaging effects.

Ginseng

Ginseng is a loved food in by majority of the Koreans. The herb supplements vitamins, and minerals for the skin. The minerals help the skin in metabolism, and growth of new skin.

Soyabean paste

This food contains vitamin E and antioxidants. Soy bean paste prevents intrinsic ageing of the skin, pollution and the Ultra Violet damages.

 

Interracial Marriages In Korea

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Interracial marriages in Korea

Korea like any other country struggling with her conservative nature has its own pie of intermarriages hiccup to bite. Interracial marriages, is not so common among many Asian countries, and many societies have their challenges adopting the sub culture.

However, there are factors that push the Korean men and women into interracial marriages that we shall briefly look at. Statistics in the last decade show that at least 22,000 Korean men have married women from other Asian nationalities including Vietnam, China, and Philippines.

Interracial marriages in Korea

The Korean women seem to vary in the opinion and most of the 30% of the 7,500 married to other nationalities have gone to the westerners. Mainly, Australia, America and Canada. It is not all roses because of the prejudice of the mixed marriages in Korea.

The notion of mixed marriages threatening social cohesion is still a question of discussion n in Korea. The ministry of Justice put a restriction on the international marriages after the rising cases of domestic conflicts caused by lack of a common language and cultural differences.

The Korean men in the rural areas choose to get wives from poorer Asian states because of the shortage of women to marry. In totality, there is no scale to determine the success of the international marriages or the failure in equal measures.

There are pre-existing stereotypes that emanated from the Korean War that led to women attached to the Americans being left behind. Such, makes the intermarriages a burden to the Korean women to absorb.

Why Is Golf So Popular Among The South Korean Women Athletics?

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Why Is Golf So Popular Among The South Korean Women Athletics?

The epic of talent is slowly getting to the brim from the k-pop music, movies and drama to the field events. Golf, which has been traditionally a man dominated game, is changing the face of its champions to vibrant young women in South Korea.

Of course, everyone on the global scale is wondering how the young women in South Korea are getting all the energy and the esteem to outdo veterans like America in the game. The paradox of how hard and easy it is for the damsels are in their background.

Why Is Golf So Popular Among The South Korean Women Athletics?

Before we look at the source of their power, a new champion has hit the global scale in golf from South Korea, Park Sung Hyun, that has found herself in the stellar series of the women champions in the world. Her victory in 2017 obsessed her. Her nickname: Dak Gong which means shut up and attack speaks it all.

According to Alex Fleming, a fun of women golf and who supports on the social media says that South Korean will lead in golf by hard work. He also adds on that parents give every form of support to any girl interested in golf.

Park Sere, 40, the pioneer of the golf winning series is a fulfilled mentor after she witnesses a good number of women on international golf trips. She is a source of inspiration to the new golf team.

South Korea is not a comfortable place to get the dais of golf. The competition is too stiff, and the players undergo a lot of pressure to find their way to the top. The stamina and self-esteem they get is a stimulating factor to win at the international level.

Abducted Legendary South Korean Actress Dies At 92

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Choi Eun –hee

Choi Eun –hee is an actress whose name will remain in the archives of theater for life. Choi was born on 20th November 1926. She began her career early in life, and during the second world, both South Korea and North Korea had enlisted her.

The author Paul Fischer gives an account of her story in the documentary “The Lovers and the Despots.” Her life has been all roses; she has her part of fears to tell. She came to the face of the world when North Korean Agencies abducted her.

Choi Eun –hee

The abduction occurred on her way to Hong Kong where she had been promised a better deal in filming. She remembers a speeding boat approaching and three-four men grabbing her and bundled her on the boat. That was the turning point of her story.

She was put into prison for eight years with her ex-husband, Shin Sang-ok whom she had divorced for having a secret family. That was after she had her first divorce with the first husband. The two, Shin and Choi, produced 130 films while in the North Korean Custody.

Choi got an award of being the best actress in Moscow film award ceremony while still in North Korea. The leader North Korea, Kim Jong II was pleased with their productivity and allowed them to attend international film festivals.

The fact is, Kim Jong II was unhappy with the film content in North Korea and had the zeal to improve it. During one of such visits abroad, Choi and Si escaped. They lived in America for a decade before going back to South Korea. Shin died in 2006 while Choi died at 92 years. They had remarried in 1983 after their divorce in 1976.

Unjust Beauty Norms

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Unjust Beauty Norms

There is no doubt that South Korea is the hub of beauty in south Asia. The women don’t step out of their doorsteps without makeup on their faces. And someone asked why South Korea’s women look so beautiful. This is what Michael hurt says.

“Korean skincare products are amazing,” he also adds on that, women in South Korea have prioritized their bodies above all other interests. Michael is a sociologist and professor at Hankuk University of foreign studies Seoul.

Unjust Beauty Norms

The K-beauty is still the norm in Seoul. With products like the v-line masks that aims at slimming puffy cheeks and angular jaws. Hair markers that hide hairlines. The body tints for roughing ashy knees, elbows and nipples.

In South Korea, women’s’ pursuit of beauty is like a political battle. Most of them who want to get to greater heights in their social and professional success is under the norm of beauty. It is a trend that is deeply entangled in the system of Seoul.

A young financial accountant in her 20s faces the real perspective of makeup in Seoul. Whenever she does not use them, the colleagues wonder why her face is tired and melted looking. She gets pressure when she goes out for audit jobs. The workmates insist that older clients love pretty faces.

In the recent past, the social media has hyped the “zombie” face mask with bloggers touting the “glass skin.” The campaign is stimulated by one of the top ten market controllers of beauty products.

Doing cafe, a feminist cafe in Seoul

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Doing cafe, a feminist cafe in Seoul

Doing cafe was established in March 2017. The owner, Kim Ryeo –il, carries the dream of seeing feminism ideologies spread and appreciated in a society where the agenda is a taboo. South Korea is still not safe for such ideas for the women in their 20s and 30s. It has not been since her youthful life, Kim says.

The cafe which is located behind in the Gangnam Street, Seoul. The café is packed with more than 1,000 feminism resources; it has an art exhibition, guest lectures, and store merchandise, one on one counseling sessions, and social gatherings.

Doing cafe, a feminist cafe in Seoul

In this café, a young woman in her early 30s drew an immense inspiration to speak about feminism issues after many years of camouflage. Ha Yoon had a fear of marginalization until she came to Doing café where she interacted with about 20 patrons who discussed the feminism issues in detail.

Like many other with feminism ideologies, Ha Yoon was discriminated against by her own family who dismissed her as a person running away from reality. Today she is free to talk and describe to her young brother what feminism is all about, the power she got from Doing cafe.

Kim Ryeo was inspired by a young woman who was stabbed to death by a man in a Gangman restroom. The man was later charged for mental illness and not hate crime. His reason for killing was alleged, the hate women had in him and never wanted to talk to him. The verdict brought a lot of discussions on social media.

 

 

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