The growth of South Korean women’s participation in politics has been prolonged since independence. After they achieved their freedom, it took forty years for the political system to begin articulating women issues and gender equality into the politics of South Korea.
Constitutional Metamorphosis for the South Korean Woman
The first changes in the constitution of South Korea came into place in 1948 where the gender equality in politics was addressed. This law was amended six times between 1948-1988. That is a very rapid amendment in a country that was suffering from political instability.
In 1987, the South Korean parliament put into action the Equal Employment Act which was to allow women to engage more in public participation and development.
Further amendments that could allow women to have the financial muscles that could facilitate their participation in politics and general development were empowered by the 1999 Gender Discrimination and Prevention Relief Act. This law allowed women to own property and access services employment among other fundamental rights bestowed by the law.
Fruits of this amendment have been boosted by the rising of the South Korean women into high positions. An example is Hye Myeong who became the first South Korean woman to become a Prime Minister.
The political party Act in 2004 saw many women participating in elections more than the previous years. 50% of the representation was to be composed of women as stated by the law.
The step by the government to give additional funding of 10% of its budget to the empowerment of women in politics saw the participation of women rise by 13% in 2002.