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South Korean “Birth Strike”- Wage Gaps, Lack of Child Care and Gender Bias

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South Korean "Birth Strike"- Wage Gaps, Lack of Child Care and Gender Bias

While many other countries in the third world are in fear of the rapid population increase, the Government of South Korea spends more than $70 billion on unsuccessful campaigns to encourage its citizens to let the “birth strike” go and bear more children.

The chief statistician of Gangneung, Dae seong Jeong says the country is at risk of future low economic productivity because of the increase of the elderly and low birth rate. The dependency ratio on the welfare will create a strain on the working population. He adds that there is a 7.3% drop in birthrate in the past one year which is a clear indication of the looming danger.

South Korean “Birth Strike”- Wage Gaps, Lack of Child Care and Gender Bias

But then, where did the rains begin to beat? The 22-year-old Yun-seol Choi attributes the “birth strike” to the high cost of university cost and the housing. Generally, she says the cost of living is unfavorable and makes children a luxury like a Porsche.

From other reliable sources, men in South Korea spend very little time with their children leaving the women to task. Women end up carrying a double burden at their workplace and home. They get discouraged because of the lack of support from their spouses.

Yun- shick Chae has a contrary opinion and feels “birth strike” is an act of selfishness and negligence of civic responsibilities. He urges the women to sacrifice for the country and give birth. It irritates him to see the newly wedded shelving the idea of having children.

Why Is Golf So Popular Among The South Korean Women Athletics?

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Why Is Golf So Popular Among The South Korean Women Athletics?

The epic of talent is slowly getting to the brim from the k-pop music, movies and drama to the field events. Golf, which has been traditionally a man dominated game, is changing the face of its champions to vibrant young women in South Korea.

Of course, everyone on the global scale is wondering how the young women in South Korea are getting all the energy and the esteem to outdo veterans like America in the game. The paradox of how hard and easy it is for the damsels are in their background.

Why Is Golf So Popular Among The South Korean Women Athletics?

Before we look at the source of their power, a new champion has hit the global scale in golf from South Korea, Park Sung Hyun, that has found herself in the stellar series of the women champions in the world. Her victory in 2017 obsessed her. Her nickname: Dak Gong which means shut up and attack speaks it all.

According to Alex Fleming, a fun of women golf and who supports on the social media says that South Korean will lead in golf by hard work. He also adds on that parents give every form of support to any girl interested in golf.

Park Sere, 40, the pioneer of the golf winning series is a fulfilled mentor after she witnesses a good number of women on international golf trips. She is a source of inspiration to the new golf team.

South Korea is not a comfortable place to get the dais of golf. The competition is too stiff, and the players undergo a lot of pressure to find their way to the top. The stamina and self-esteem they get is a stimulating factor to win at the international level.

Women In South Korea Politics

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Women in South Korea Politics

The growth of South Korean women’s participation in politics has been prolonged since independence. After they achieved their freedom, it took forty years for the political system to begin articulating women issues and gender equality into the politics of South Korea.

Women in South Korea Politics

Constitutional Metamorphosis for the South Korean Woman

The first changes in the constitution of South Korea came into place in 1948 where the gender equality in politics was addressed. This law was amended six times between 1948-1988. That is a very rapid amendment in a country that was suffering from political instability.

In 1987, the South Korean parliament put into action the Equal Employment Act which was to allow women to engage more in public participation and development.

Further amendments that could allow women to have the financial muscles that could facilitate their participation in politics and general development were empowered by the 1999 Gender Discrimination and Prevention Relief Act. This law allowed women to own property and access services employment among other fundamental rights bestowed by the law.

Fruits of this amendment have been boosted by the rising of the South Korean women into high positions. An example is Hye Myeong who became the first South Korean woman to become a Prime Minister.

The political party Act in 2004 saw many women participating in elections more than the previous years. 50% of the representation was to be composed of women as stated by the law.

The step by the government to give additional funding of 10% of its budget to the empowerment of women in politics saw the participation of women rise by 13% in 2002.

 

 

Lee Chae –Rin (More Commonly Known as CL) – Kpop Sensation

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Lee Chae –Rin (More Commonly Known as CL) - Kpop Sensation

Lee Chae, popularly known as CL, was born on 26th February 1991 in Seoul, South Korea. She is a singer, songwriter, and rapper. She spent most of her early years, life, in France and Japan.

Lee Chae received her singing training at JYP entertainment, and later moved to YG entertainment and joined the 2NEI girls’ group. At 2NEI, she became the leader rapper, and the vocalist of the team. She, like any other artist with role models, draws her inspiration from the big names like Lauryn Hill, Madonna, ITYM, and Queen.

Lee Chae –Rin (More Commonly Known as CL) – Kpop Sensation

Her first single solo, The baddest, was released on 28th May, 2013. The second album which she also wrote the lyrics of its tracks was called CRUSH. Some of the songs in the CRUSH album that Lee wrote l are If I Were You, I Miss You, and Crush.

On 4th January 2018, she made her debut in Hollywood as an actress in the film Miezz by Peter Beng. The star, Mark Walberg, starred in the film too. On February 25th 2018, Lee presented at the Olympics summer in Pyongchong Olympic Stadium. After which, she met the President of South Korea, Jae-in, his wife, and daughter.

In-Young Ahn, the First Asian Woman to Become an Antarctic Station Leader

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In-Young Ahn

In-Young is a female Korean scientist. She ranks as one of the first women to visit Antarctica and the first Asian woman to be a station leader.

Education

Young Ahn studied Biological Oceanography at the Seoul National University where she graduated in 1982. In 1990, she joined the State University in New York and graduated with a PHD in Coastal Oceanography.

In-Young Ahn

Career

She is the current Principal research scientist at the Korea Polar Research Institute (KOPRI). She leads research on Antarctic Marine Benthenic Ecology with special interest in benthenic invertebrates and monitoring on Coastal Marine Ecosystems.

Besides, she studies the dominant marine bivalve around the Antarctic continent, Antarctica Latenula elliptica. Currently, her studies center on the benthenic communities around the King Sejong Station; how the glacier retreats, and how near shore affects them.

She also serves as an adjunct Professor at the university of Science and Technology.

Awards

In-Young Ahn has many accolades on her. E.g., the government of South Korea awarded Ahn a medal of Science and Technology for outstanding accomplishment at the Antarctica in 2001. In 2008, she was awarded a commendation by the Ministry of environment of the South Korea for designation for Antarctic specially protected area.

 

Interracial Marriages In Korea

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Interracial marriages in Korea

Korea like any other country struggling with her conservative nature has its own pie of intermarriages hiccup to bite. Interracial marriages, is not so common among many Asian countries, and many societies have their challenges adopting the sub culture.

However, there are factors that push the Korean men and women into interracial marriages that we shall briefly look at. Statistics in the last decade show that at least 22,000 Korean men have married women from other Asian nationalities including Vietnam, China, and Philippines.

Interracial marriages in Korea

The Korean women seem to vary in the opinion and most of the 30% of the 7,500 married to other nationalities have gone to the westerners. Mainly, Australia, America and Canada. It is not all roses because of the prejudice of the mixed marriages in Korea.

The notion of mixed marriages threatening social cohesion is still a question of discussion n in Korea. The ministry of Justice put a restriction on the international marriages after the rising cases of domestic conflicts caused by lack of a common language and cultural differences.

The Korean men in the rural areas choose to get wives from poorer Asian states because of the shortage of women to marry. In totality, there is no scale to determine the success of the international marriages or the failure in equal measures.

There are pre-existing stereotypes that emanated from the Korean War that led to women attached to the Americans being left behind. Such, makes the intermarriages a burden to the Korean women to absorb.

Yuna Kim Is The SweetHeart Of Korea and The First Female Figure Skater To Win The Olympics

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Yuna Kim was born in the Bucheon, Gyeonggi Province on September 5th of 1990. She was a professional figure skater in South Koreas and the Olympic champion for 2014. She was the World champion in 2009 and 2013, the Four Continents champion for 2009, the Grand Prix Final champion for 2006 through 2007, 2007 through 2008 and 2009 through 2010, the Junior Grand Prix Final champion for 2005 and the South Korean national champion for 2014, 2013, 2006, 2005, 2004 and 2003.

Yuna Kim is the first figure skater from South Korea to receive a medal at the Senior or Junior Grand Prix event, the Olympic Games and the ISU Championship. She is the first to win the Grand Prix Final, the Four Continents Championships and the World Championships as a female skater. She is a highly recognized media figure and athlete in South Korea and referred to as the ice queen. A large portion of the media across the globe calls her Queen Yuna.

 

Yuna Kim holds the former record for females in the combined total, free skate and short program according to the ISU Judging System. Since 2007, she has beaten the scores for the world record eleven times according to the ISU Judging System. Eight of these records were originally set by her. She is the first female skater to exceed the 150 and 140-point free shaking mark and the 220, 210 and 200-point total mark according to the ISU Judging System. Many people regard her as the best skater for ladies singles in history due to her musical and artistry sense, nearly textbook jumps, exceptional speed, unprecedented depth, competitive record, longevity, quality, consistency and grace.

 

During the XXI Olympic Winter Games, Yuna Kim was the athlete with the highest pay and in 2014, 2013, 2012 and 2010 she earned more than any other sportswoman on the globe according to Forbes. She was also included in Forbes Philanthropy and Under 30 lists. Time magazine included her as one of 2010’s 100 Most Influential People. She was ranked by Forbes from 2010 until 2015 in the top ten as a Korea Power Celebrity. During the Winter Olympics opening ceremony for 2018, she lit the Olympic cauldron in Pyeongchang, South Korea.

Yuna Kim began skating when she was six with Ryu Jong-hyun as her coach. Her coach predicted she would become a famous figure skater as time passed. During an interview in 2011, she thanked her coaches for realizing her body structure and muscles were perfect for skating. She feels lucky her coaches helped her develop her talent. The facilities in South Korea were limited during her junior years. She had an interview with CNN in 2010 and spoke of the few ice rinks in existence in South Korea, stating the majority were public.

 

Even now, when an athlete in South Korea wants to practice skating, they must do so either late at night or early in the morning. The figure skaters must train in different rinks on a consistent basis because there are not enough rinks available for all the skating teams. She believes the possibility of injury always exists because the skating rinks are too cold. While she was a teenager, she often wore skates that did not fit properly due to the lack of proper skate shops. She suffered from many injuries and had a hard time keeping her balance because of this.

 

Yuna Kim’s first international competition was in 2002 at the Triglav Trophy in Slovenia. She received the gold medal for winning the novice competition. She won the South Korean Championships senior title at age twelve and her second international title at the Golden Bear of Zagreb.

Han Myeong-Sook-South Koreas’ First Female Prime President

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Han Myeong-Sook-South Koreas' First Female Prime President

She was nominated to be the first Prime Minister of South Korea by the President, Roh Moo-hyun, following the resignation of Lee Hae-chan. She served as the Prime Minister for 11 months and resigned on April 2007. She is a graduate of Ewha Woman’s University in French Literature.

She is a vibrant woman who attempted to run for presidency though she did not succeed the presidential nominations. Before being appointed as a Prime Minister, she was a member of the United New Democratic Party. Her role in the party played a significant part in her nomination as PM.

Han Myeong-Sook-South Koreas’ First Female Prime President

After she resigned from being the Prime Minister, she was elected as the chairperson of Democratic United Party. She led the DUP which was the opposition party, where she pushed for reforms for the newly formed government. She later stepped down due to political pressure and opposition.

Her role as the first female PM made her get recognized. She remains to be a key influencer to many women who are afraid to lead. She is a powerful leader and a vibrant person as illustrated by the role she played as a Prime Minister and a leader of the opposition.

Despite Hang being a great influence and fighting for women to be recognized, she was sent to prison. In 2012, she was accused of obtaining money illegally and was imprisoned for two years. She faced a major fall in her political career as she could not participate in politics for the next 10 years. Han is a great influencer who motivates women not shy away from politics, but dominate.

Shin Kyung –Sook First Korean Writer to Win The Man Asian Literary

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Kyung-Sook-Shin

“Please Look after My Mother” is the first novel to be nominated in the Man Asian Literary Prize from South Korea. Shin Kyung –Sook, the author stands to be the first Female writer and national to be named for the same prize.

The book is one deep experience of evoking emotions of sadness and almost grief and uncertainty. The skillful approach of the second person narration easily makes the reader transpose personal life to the experience in the novel.

Kyung-Sook-Shin

One would ask, do you know your mother? The rhetoric hits the children of Park So-nyo when she vanishes at the Seoul station someday on her way to see her children. The first born daughter, the eldest child too, launches the search in vain.

The book stretches your imaginations to all limits of disclosure to your inner self. It hits a rubber bullet to your conscience, and indeed, you learn that everyone has a saga within them. At the same time, you feel the extent of a mother’s love.

Through the children trying to define their mother, you learn the dynamics of the culture and customs of South Korea as the mother fends from the village to come and supplement her children in the city.

Please Look after My Mother is set for nominations in 35 countries. The book has sold 1.93 million copies so far and is yet to be published in 32 countries. The author Kyung soon- Shin is one in a million in the styles she uses and the relationship between characters that she builds in the book.

Single Mothers In South Korea Struggle To Remove Social Stigma

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Single Mothers In South Korea

Being a single mother in South Korea is an experience you would not wish to encounter. In the 1980s children were sent for adoption abroad; 90% of them were from the unmarried mothers. The communities in South Korea have become too conservative to accept the presence of single mothers.

Testimony from Choi Hyung –Sook is evidence enough of what you are likely to face as a single mum in South Korea. Her family cut ties with her and bonding again has not been a walk in the park. She had to quit her job because of the underground talks.

Single Mothers In South Korea

According to Shannon Heit, who was adopted by American parents after her grandmother gave her out when her mother had gone to work, she feels it is disgusting to value other parents with more money to raise your child.

The Deputy Director for the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family says the government has expanded its budget to create more awareness campaign to alleviate social prejudice against the single mothers.

Ironically, according to Heit, the government of South Korea offers twice the financial support to domestic adoptive parents than the single biological mothers.

There is a need for the cultural and government support to create a conducive environment for the single mothers to raise their children. The children need to be happy like any others in South Korea. Choi hopes that one day the society will appreciate the fact that raising the child alone is a personal choice.

Choi and Heit have taken leading roles in the awareness campaigns through rallies and celebrating the single women’s day.

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